奇辞怪说的表达方式，双重论证的思维模式，归谬反驳的论证方式，是二者的共同点。 They are same in paradox expression of speech, double arguments in thinking way, and reductio ad absurdum argument to refute way.
反例和反证法是数学中常用的方法，在统计数学中也有许多有趣的应用。 The negative example and reductio ad adsurdum Proof obtain an interesting application in statistical mathematic.
两者都基于相同的权利哲学，前者恰恰是后者的重复，它们的差异，只是量的差异，并不存在质的区别。 The former are a reductio ad absurdum of the latter precisely because both claims follow from the same philosophical approach to rights — they are differences in degree, not in kind.
通过反证法，不存在一个程序，能像传说中的P一样运行。 By reductio, there cannot possibly be a procedure that acts like the mythical P.
光合速率午间下降主要是由非气孔因素引起的。 The "midday reductio" of photosynthesis rate was mainly induced by non-stomatal factors.